Color, texture, and type… always things to consider for your carpet purchase. But if you flip it over, you’ll find something important — the backing.
The past 15 to 20 years have seen several innovations leading to development of high-performance, durable and efficient carpet backing systems. To achieve different goals in performance and sustainability, carpet backings can be made from different types of material with various characteristics.
What is Carpet Backing?
The underside of a carpet is also called the backing. It secures the tufts and gives the carpet additional strength and dimensional stability. Most carpets have a double backing: the primary backing – where the yarn is tufted into, and the secondary backing, which is the outer material. You may also hear the term “unitary backing,” which is a heavy application of coating applied directly to the carpet’s back without using a secondary backing. Carpet backing helps in protecting your carpet from daily wear and tear. Make sure to invest in a high-quality backing to ensure a long life of your carpet.
Types of Carpet Backing:
Carpet backing provides support and is an essential layer between your carpet and the flooring underneath. It’s an important part of the carpet, but because you can’t see it, it doesn’t get the credit it deserves. There are many types of carpet backing, including:
Jute is a natural fiber that provides softness and durability. This type of backing is preferred by many as its long-lasting and natural.
Polyurethane is one of the most sorted out backings for carpets because of its high durability and affordability. It’s moisture resistant; hence it helps in protecting your floor. The only disadvantage of this type of backing is that it can damage the baseboards due to its rough texture.
Soft Plastic Backing
This type of backing is manufactured from a weave of plastic, is soft and gentle, and helps extend your floors’ life. The only disadvantage is that it stretches when wet, avoiding putting it in areas with high humidity.
Moisture Barrier backing helps in protecting your carpet from moisture. Even if you spill something on your carpet, this backing will prevent it from seeping in, protecting it from damage.
Eco Fusion Back
It is a textile back constructed from 100% recycled PET plastic bottles.
This premium carpet backing is made by fusing a woven polypropylene backing and fleece layer. The combination of these materials makes this backing strong and resilient yet soft and insulating. This backing makes the carpet easy to install, improves the noise insulation and heat, and helps it last longer.
Action back is a woven synthetic fabric that is both strong and stable. One of the most used backings; can be fitted by stretching.
Comfortex Plus Feltbac
This backing is made from entangled textile fibers, helps noise insulation, provides wear resistance, and improves heat insulation. Carpets with this backing do not require an underlay and are comfortable to walk on.
Foam, a synthetic material, has improved acoustic and heat insulating properties. Carpets with foam backing provide a comfy surface to walk on. It does not require an underlay.
Solid and Flexible, Gel foam has waterproof and anti-slip properties when used as a carpet backing. It’s best for runners and rugs.
As you can see, the backing is usually not the “weakest link” of your carpet purchase, so it usually won’t make or break your purchase.
With that in mind, learning about backing helps you not fall for marketing gimmicks and may improve your indoor air quality.